SPANISH LAW ON CLIMATE CHANGE
Law 7/2021, of 20 May, on climate change and energy transition, has culminated the long road to provide a legal framework for our country's and the EU's goal of achieving climate neutrality by 2050. Approved on 20 May 2021, it comes years late - in December it will be six years since the signing of the Paris Agreement - and is immersed in criticism for its lack of ambition compared to its European counterpart. Although most parties in Congress have criticized it for various reasons, they still mantain that a climate law is necessary.
From now on, Spain is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 23% compared to 1990 levels by 2030 . This percentage could be increased in 2023. In addition, renewable energy sources must make up minimum 42% of total energy consumption. Renewable energy sources must also power at least 74% of the electricity grid.
EU CLIMATE LAW
Negotiators from the Council and the European Parliament reached a provisional political agreement enshrining in European legislation the EU's objective of climate neutrality by 2050 and a collective target to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions (emissions after removals) by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.
Other aspects of the provisional agreement include the establishment of a European scientific advisory board on climate change, composed of 15 high-level scientific experts of different nationalities.
The provisional agreement sets an ambitious target for the EU to strive for negative emissions from 2050 onwards. The next stage of the agreement, reached by the Portuguese Presidency of the Council and representatives of the European Parliament, will be the actual content of the agreement.